About the San Diego Region
The San Diego Region is well known for its year-round warm climate and extensive beaches, attracting multitudes of tourists annually. Beyond the sandy coast, the area has a variety of geographies including tidal marshes, canyons, chaparral and mesas.
San Diego boasts a heavy concentration of defense installations operated by the US Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. San Diego Bay is host to the worlds largest naval fleet.
Defense contractors comprise a huge portion of the local employment including General Atomics, NASSCO, and Cubic. Telecommunications and Biosciences also have a strong presence with companies like Qualcomm, Kokia, LG, Kyocera, Neurocrine, Pfizer, Celgene & others.
The city is also flush with institutions of higher education including University of California San Diego, San Diego State University, University of San Diego and many others.
Originally inhabited by the Kumeyaay Native American Peoples for 12,000 years, the first European contact came when the Spanish sailed into the Bay in 1542. Eventually, in 1769, the Spanish founded Mission San Diego, the first of many Spanish missions in California. Following a brief period of Mexican rule, San Diego became a part of the United States in 1848 following the Mexican American War.