About the South Central Valley Region
A huge agricultural area, the Southern Central Valley is responsible for about 13% of all agricultural production in the United States. Crops include almonds, tomatoes, grapes, cotton, apricots, oranges, peaches, garlic and practically any non-tropical food crop. This region is home to the largest cotton farm in the world and produces over 90% of the worlds almonds.
Cattle ranching is also very significant as is the petroleum industry. Oil and gas fields are found throughout the southern part of this region, which has heavy oil and gas reserves.
Major cities include Modesto, Merced, Fresno Bakersfield, and Visalia, which are all connected by two major freeways, Interstate 5 and California State Highway 99.
The area was originally inhabited by the Yokuts Native American Peoples. Europeans began to immigrate following the Mexican Revolution and the region became part of the United States in 1848 following the Mexican-American War.